eid feast


Procedure of Salah/Namaz

Eid al-Fitr (Arabic: عيد الفطر‎‎ ʻĪd al-Fiṭr, “feast of breaking of the fast”) is an important religious holiday celebrated by Muslims worldwide that marks the end of Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting (sawm). The religious Eid (Muslim religious festival) is the first and only day in the month of Shawwal during which Muslims are not permitted to fast. The holiday celebrates the conclusion of the 29 or 30 days of dawn-to-sunset fasting during the entire month of Ramadan. The day of Eid, therefore, falls on the first day of the month of Shawwal. The date for the start of any lunar Hijri month varies based on the observation of new moon by local religious authorities, so the exact day of celebration varies by locality.

Eid al-Fitr has a particular Salat (Islamic prayer) consisting of two Rakats (units) and generally offered in an open field or large hall. It may be performed only in congregation (Jama’at) and has an additional extra six Takbirs (raising of the hands to the ears while saying “Allāhu Akbar”, literally “God is greater”), three of them in the beginning of the first raka’ah and three of them just before Ruku’ in the second raka’ah in the Hanafi school of Sunni Islam.Other Sunni schools usually have twelve Takbirs, seven in the first, and five at the beginning of the second raka’ah. This Eid al-Fitr salat is, depending on which juristic opinion is followed, Fard فرض (obligatory), Mustahabb مستحب (strongly recommended, just short of obligatory) or mandoob مندوب (preferable).

Muslims believe that they are commanded by God, as mentioned in the Quran, to continue their fast until the last day of Ramadan and pay the Zakat and fitra before offering the Eid prayers.

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islamic mosqu in Medinah

Procedure of Salah

Procedure of Salah/Namaz

Note 1: Sisters must read our “Difference between Men’s and Women’s Salah” article to make adjustments in their Salah as there is some differences in Salah between Men and Women.

Note 2: When you are asked to ‘Say’ or ‘Recite’ or ‘Read’ in the directions. The sound must not be loud and at the same time not totally silent. It should be loud enough just for your ears to hear it and not so loud that a person next to you would be able to hear your recitation clearly. If a person next to you could hear only a mimic from you, that’s fine. If you are surrounded by noise such as a fan’s noise and you are not able to understand your recitation, it is okay. In an utmost quite room you should be able to understand your recitation. In any case must say it lound enough as mentioned above.

Note 3: The reason we will be asking you to ‘wait a little’ through out the directions is to separate the Arabic qirat so that the meaning will not change. It is very important.

1) Stand up facing Kabah. It is called Qayam. The space between feet should be about four to five fingers apart, do not stand wide spread like most people do these days. They should be pointing towards Kabah.

2) Say, “I pray two rakah (or as many required for that time) Fard (if its Fard or say Sunnat if its Sunnat or say Wajib if its Wajib or Say Nafil if its Nafil) for Allah Tala Face towards Kabah”. If praying behind Imam add “Behind this Imam”. It is called Niyat (Intention).

Note: It is Mustahab (a preferable deed) to say the Niyat. It is also permissible to make Niyat in your heart without saying it, that is good enough.

2) Raise both of your hands next to each ears. Touch the lobes of your each ear with thumbs.Then say “Allah Hoo Akbar”

3) Place the hands on navel right hand on top of left hand. Thumb and Pinky (smallest finger) should be wraped around the wrist of left hand’s wrist. It should be like you are locking or grabbing the left hand wrist. Rest of the three fingers of right hand should be strait in line to each other.

4) Now Read, “Subhana Kalla Humma Wa Bee Hamdika Wata Baara Kasmooka Wa Ta’ala Jaddoo Ka Wa La ilaha Ghairuka” Wait a little.

5) Then read, “Aaoo Zoo Billahee Minash Shaitaunir Rajeem” Wait a little.

6) Then read, “Bismillah Hir Rahmaanir Raheem” Wait a little.

7) Then read Soorah Fatiha, “Alhamdo Lillahi Rabbil Aalameen Ar Rahmaanir Raheem Maaliki Yaomid Deen iyya Kana Budoo Wa iyya kanastaeen ihdinas Siratual Mustaqeem Siratual Lazeena An Amtaa Alaihim Ghairil Maghdoobe Alaihim Walad Dualleen” Wait a little.

8) Then say, ” Ameen“. Wait a little.

9) Then read, “Bismillahir Rahamaanir Raheem“. Wait a little.

10) Then read any surrah from Quran or atleast three Ayats. We are writing you a small one. Read this Surrah, ” Wal A’sre Innal Insaana Lafi Khusr illal Lazeena Aamanoo Wa A’milos Sualihaati Wa Tawa Sao Bil Haqqi Wa Tawa Sao Bis Sabr “ Wait a little.

11) Then Say “Allah Hoo Akbar” and bow (its called Ruku), hold your knees with your hands. The fingers should be separated with gaps in them. The back should be horizontally strait in line like a board. (Salat images will be available on Oct 1st 2006, Insha Allah)

12) Recite, “Subhaana Rabbiyal Azeem” At least three times. Three, five and seven times are Sunnat (Sunnat means what Prophet Mohammad peace be upon him liked to do). Wait a little.

13) Then start to stand up saying, “Samee Allahoo Layman Hamidah – Rabbana Lakal Hamd” Start to say Samee when leaving Rookh (bowing poster) and end with Hameedah when you are fully errect. Wait a little.

14) Now say, “Allah Hoo Akbar

15) Now go to Sajdah (placing face on ground). In sajdah all the fingers of feet should be twisted so that the round soft part of the fingers is touching the ground. Hand fingers should be close to face and facing Kabah in strait line. Put enough pressure on nose so that the bone of nose should feel the hardness of earth (do not hurt your self but should be firm) Arms should be away from body like a bird opens the wings.

16) Now read, “Subhaana Rabbiyal Aala” at least three times. Three, five and seven times are Sunnat. Wait a little.

17) Now sit down on your left foot (It’s called Jalsa) the right foot should be sticking out and all of the foot fingers should be twisted. The soft part of the foot fingers should touch the ground. Sit for the amount of time you could say Subhan Allah at least three times.

18) Now go back to sajadah and perform as you did before Jalsa.

19) After completing second sajdah get up and go back to Qayam (standing up) Saying “Allah Hoo Akbar” Then read , “Bismillahir Rahamaanir Raheem” Wait a little

20) Now again read Soorah Fatiha, “Alhamdo Lillahi Rabbil Aalameen Ar Rahmaanir Raheem Maaliki Yaomid Deen iyya Kana Budo Wa iyyaka Nastaeen ihdinas Sirataul Mustaqeem Siratual Lazeena An Amtaa Alaihim Ghairil Maghdoobe Alaihim Walad Dualeen” Wait a little.

21) Then say, “Ameen” Wait a little.

22) Then read, “Bismillahir Rahamaanir Raheem” Wait a little.

23) Then read any surrah from Quran or at least three Ayahs. We are writing you another small one. Soorah Al kausar, “Innaa Aataina Kal Kauser Fasalli Li Rabbi Ka Vanhar Inna Shaaniaka Hooal Abtar“. Wait a little and repeat the steps from 11 to 18.

24) This time after second Sajdah do not go back to Qayam (standing up) but go back to Jalsa (sitting) but now it’s called Qaidah.

Now read, “Atthayyato Lillahe Wassalawato Wat Tayyebato Assalamu Alaika Ayyohan Nabiyo Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatoh Assalamu Alaina Wa Ala ibadillahis Sualaiheen Ashadu An La ilaah illal Laho Wa Ashadu Anna Mohammadan Abdohoo Wa Rasooluhoo

Note: When you reach at Ashadu An La raise your index finger of your right hand upward facing about 45 degrees by closing the fist, and drop it back and spread the hand to its original position at illal Laho.

Wait a little.

25) Now read this Durood Sharif, “Allah Humma Salle Ala Mohammadiyon Wa Ala Ale Mohammadin Kama Sallaita Aala ibraheema Wa Ala Aalay ibraheema inna Ka Hameedum Majeed. Allah Humma Baarik Aala Mohammadiyon Wa Ala Ale Mohammadin Kama Barakta Ala ibraheema Wa Ala Ale ibraheema inna Ka Hameedum Majeed.” Wait a little.

26) Now read this dua, “Allah Humma Rabbana Aatina Fid Dunya Hasanah Wa Fil Akhirate Hasanah Wa Qina Azaban Naar.” Wait a little.

27) Now turn your head towards right and say, “Assalamo Alaikum Wa Rehmatullah

Now turn your head towards left and read the same as above, “Assalamo Alaikum Wa Rehmatullah

Salah is complete now.

Note: Above mentioned procedure is for men. Women consult the Women’s Salah on our site but can still use the same Arabic text which can be heard in Audio on this page.

Amounts of rakats for each time are:

Fajr = First two rakat Sunnat Mokadda then two rakat Fard;

Zuhr =First four rakat Sunnat Mokadda then four rakat Fard then two rakat sunnat Mokadda; (two rakat nafils at the end are optional)

Asr =First four rakat sunnat ghair mokadda then Four rakat Fard; (four rakat Sunnate Ghair mokadda befor this is optional)

Maghrib = First three rakat Fard then two rakat Sunnat Mokadda; (Two nafils after sunnat are optional)

Isha = First Four rakat Fard then two rakat sunnat mokkada then three rakats Wajib; (four rakat sunnat e ghair mokadda before farz, two nafil before and two after Wajib are optional)

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nighbor in islam



The neighbor is the person who lives near one, regardless of whether he is a Muslim or a non-Muslim. Scholars have different opinions regarding the boundaries to which one is considered a neighbor. The closest opinion to the truth is that they are determined according to what people are accustomed to regarding such a limit, and Allah Knows best. The degrees of neighbors vary: there is the Muslim neighbor who is a relative, the Muslim neighbor who is not, the disbeliever who is a relative, and a disbelieving neighbor who is not. All these types of neighbors share many rights while some of them are distinguished with additional rights according to their state and degree.

Some Forms of Neighborliness

Some people think that the neighbor is only the one who lives near your residence. Undoubtedly, this is one of the commonest forms; however, there are other forms that are included in the concept of neighborliness. There is the neighbor at work, in the market, on the farm, in the classroom, and many others.

Some Rights of the Neighbour

There is no doubt that the neighbor has many rights of which we will mention some, the most important of which, are:

1-    Returning his greetings and accepting his invitations: although this is a general right for all Muslims, it is even more important with regards to neighbors, as it has a good effect in spreading amiability and affection.

2-    Refraining from harming him: in fact, this is one of the greatest rights of neighbors. Harming anyone, in general, is unlawful; however, this ruling is intensified if the harm befalls the neighbor. The Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ), strictly warned, in various ways, about harming the neighbor. The Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ), said: “By Allah, he is not a believer! By Allah, he is not a believer! By Allah, he is not a believer.” It was asked, “Who, O Messenger of Allah?” He said: “One whose neighbor does not feel safe from his evil.”When it was said to him: “O Messenger of Allah, a woman performs voluntary prayers at night and fasts during the day, but she offends her neighbors with her tongue.” He  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) said: “There is no good in her; she is in Hell.” The Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ), also said: “He does not enter Paradise whose neighbor is not secure from his evil.”

A man came to the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ), complaining about the harm of his neighbor. The Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ), said to him: “Put your belongings in the road.” The man did so, and whenever people passed by him and asked him why he had done so, and came to know about how his neighbor was harming him, they cursed this neighbor. Then, the bad neighbor came to the Messenger of Allah,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ), complaining about the people cursing him. The Messenger of Allah,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ), said: “Allah has cursed you before the people did.”

3-    Bearing the harm of the neighbor, which is a trait of noble, chivalrous people and those of high aspiration. This is because many people can refrain from harming others, but bearing their harm with patience while seeking the reward of Allah is of a higher degree, as Allah The Almighty Says (what means):

{Repel, by [means of] what is best, [their] evil.}[Quran 23:96]

{And whoever is patient and forgives – indeed, that is of the matters [requiring] determination.} [Quran 42:43]

Al-Hasan  may  Allah  have  mercy  upon  him said: “Being a good neighbor is not by refraining from harming; rather, being a good neighbor is to bear harm.”

4-    Pursuing and accomplishing his needs: the Messenger,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ), said: “He who spends the night satiated while knowing that his next door neighbor is hungry does not truly believe in me.” The righteous predecessors would check upon their neighbors and make efforts to fulfill their needs. Sometimes a Companion of the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ), would receive a gift and then send it to his neighbor, who would send it to another neighbor, who would send it to another neighbor, and it would circulate around more than ten houses until it finally reached the first one again. When ‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Umar, may Allah be pleased with him, slaughtered a sheep, he said to his servant, “When you skin it, begin [distributing it] by going to our Jewish neighbor.” ‘Aa’ishah, may Allah be pleased with her, asked the messenger of Allah,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ), “I have two neighbors, to which of them should I offer a gift?”He replied:“To the one whose door is nearer to you.”

5-    Concealing his secrets and guarding his honor: this is one of the most sacred of rights. Due to living in the same neighborhood, the neighbor may know some secret matters of his neighbor; he should accustom himself to concealing these secrets with the intention that if he does so Allah The Almighty would conceal his secrets in the worldly life and the Hereafter. However, if he reveals such matters, then, he is subjecting himself to be repaid with the same kind of treatment. Allah The Almighty Says (what means): {And your Lord is not ever unjust to [His] servants.}[Quran 41:46] In the pre-Islamic era, the Arabs would boast about guarding their neighbors’ honor. ‘Antarah said: “I lower my gaze if my [female] neighbor comes out until she returns into her dwelling.” There was a Muslim poet who said, “My [female]neighbor is not harmed if I am her neighbor and her house has no curtains, as I behave as if I am blind when she comes out until the shelter conceals her.”

Finally, we should be aware that happiness, unity and the spread of love among the members of a society cannot be accomplished without observing these rights and others which are brought by the Sharee’ah. The reality of many people proves that these rights are being neglected, to the extent that they may not know the name of their next door neighbor. Some people usurp the rights of their neighbors and may even betray their neighbors and trifle with their honor and the honor of their women. This is surely the gravest of the grave major sins. The Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ), was asked: “What is the greatest sin?” In his answer he mentioned: “To commit adultery with your neighbor’s wife.”

We supplicate to Allah The Almighty to help us and all Muslims to observe the rights of our neighbors.

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waht is ramadan


Ramazan is said to mark the 9th month of the Islamic calendar known as Hijri that coincides with the time when the very first verses of the Quran (the holy book of Muslims) were revealed to Prophet Muhammad.ramadan

Muslims believe that during this month, the gates of heaven are opened–while those to hell are shut down.Ramazan is dependent on the sighting of the new moon, which is why its onset might vary from country to country.

During the course of Ramazan, Muslims are supposed to practice abstinence from food, water and sex. It is observed to inculcate a sense of self-control and dedication to God.s

Sehri marks the onset of the Ramazan rituals that last from dawn to dusk.Sunni Muslims break their fast as soon as the dusk prayer begins, which is when the sun is no longer visible on the horizon, whereas Shias wait longer due to the belief that a fast is only half complete “until the last rays of light have vanished from the sky.”While it is essential for all Muslims to observe Ramazan, the elderly, children, those suffering from an illness, or menstruating women can skip fasting.

Many Muslim countries are known to shorten their work hours in order to make the otherwise-rigid stretch of fasting a little easier.Egypt, for example, pushes back its clocks by an hour to make the days shorter during the month to accommodate the additional time spent in prayer and in enjoying festive meals to end the daily fast.

The end of Ramazan is marked by the festival of Eid.

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hajj and umrah

Hajj & Umrah

Hajj is one of the five pillars of Islam. It is obligatory for every Muslim once in their lifetime, provided they are physically fit and financially capable. Hajj is performed during a designated Islamic month.

The rites of Hajj were laid down by Allah (SWT) to mark historic events in the life of Prophet Ibrahim, which show his absolute and total submission to the Will of Allah.

The Building of Kaabah

With the help of his son Ismaeel (Ishmael), Ibrahim (alaihis salam) built the House of Allah on the ground where the Kaaba stands to this day.The Archangel Jibraeel brought from Paradise a stone, known as the Black Stone (Al-Hajar Al-Aswad), which was set into one corner of the Kaaba.In the Holy Qur’an, the Kaaba is described as follows:“The first House (of worship) Appointed for men was that at Bakka (Makkah) Full of blessing And of guidance. For all kinds of beings.” (Aal-e-Imran, 3: 96)There are three Ways of Performing Hajj:

Hajj al-Tamattu’mekkah

Hajj al-Ifrad

Hajj al-Qiran

The stages of Hajj al-Tamattu’ and the rituals that must be performed are described in the following:

Ihram – The Hajj Garment 

Things to be avoided in the state of IhramIhram is distinctive garb of the male pilgrim worn during Hajj or Umrah. It consists of two pieces of white un-sewn and plain cloth. One of the pieces is wrapped around the midriff to cover his body from just above his navel to his ankles, and the other is draped around his shoulders to cover the upper body. The pilgrim should wear a pair of stitched or unstitched sandals or shoes which do not cover the ankles. The head should not be covered, and no other clothing should be used. For ladies, their ordinary and unpretentious clothes of everyday wear which fulfill the Islamic conditions of public dress, regardless of the color, constitute their Ihram. Their hands and face should be uncovered in Ihram but heads should be covered.

A Muhrim (someone who is in state of Ihram) must avoid the following acts: Cutting hair, shaving any parts of the body, clipping nails, putting perfumes or colognes, killing or hunting animals, sexual intercourse, making marriage proposals, or marriage contracts. He should be focused solely on the Hajj.

Entering the Masjid Al-Haram

The pilgrim should enter the Holy Sanctuary (al Masjid al Haram), preferably right foot first through the Bab as-Salam gate, reciting the Talbiyah:

‘Labbayk, Allahumma Labbayk.

Labbayk, La Shareeka laka labbayk.

Innal-hamda wan-ni’mata laka wal-mulk

La shareeka lak’

The above means:

‘Here I am O Allah, (in response to Your call), here I am. Here I am, You have no partner, here I am. Verily all praise, grace and sovereignty belong to You. You have no partner.’

He should then say: “In the name of Allah, may peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allah. O Allah, forgive me my sins and open to me the doors of Your mercy. I seek refuge in Allah the Almighty and in His Eminent Face and in His Eternal Dominion over the accursed Satan.”

After this, the pilgrim moves forward to prepare for the circumambulation of the Kaaba (Tawaf).

To prepare for the Tawaf, he must ensure ablutions have been performed. He should pass the upper garment of the Ihram (the rida’) under the right arm and over the left shoulder, thus leaving the right shoulder bare. This procedure is called iddtibaa’.

When he reaches the Black Stone (al-Hajar al-Aswad), he has arrived at the starting point for the circumambulation (Tawaf), and he may cease reciting the Talbiyah.

Niyyah (Intention) of Hajj

The pilgrim next stands facing the Kaaba, with the Black Stone to his right and performs the Niyyah (i.e. express his intention to start the performance of Umrah).

Performing the Welcome Tawaf and Sa’ee makkah tawaf overview of hajj

Tawaf is the devotional act of circumbulating (i.e. walking around) the Ka’bah while reciting prayers and supplications. One complete circuit around the Ka’bah constitutes a shawt ( pleural: ashwat), and seven ashwat complete one Tawaf.. During Tawaf (circumbulating), the pilgrim cannot enter inside the Kaaba nor stop anywhere around it.

Doing Sa’i between Safa and Marwah

After expressing Niyyah for Sa’I the pilgrim performs the act of running between the hills of Safa and Marwah during the Umrah.

Safa – a small knoll (i.e., hillock) approximately 200 yards from the Ka’bah inside the Masjid Al-Haram.

Marwa – a small knoll located approximately one hundred and fifty yards from the Ka’bah.


Ihram for Hajj al-Tamattu’

If one performs Hajj al-Tamattu’, he completes the Umrah and ends the Ihram. The pilgrim then re-enters the state of Ihram for Hajj from his location in Makkah.

8th of Dhu’l-Hijjah

On 8th of Dhu’l-Hijjah the pilgrim bathes himself (ghusl); puts on the white clothing of Ihram; and after donning Ihram and verbally declaring the intention to perform Hajj, recites the Talbiyah. The same prohibitions of Ihram are applicable once again.

Going to Mina from Makkah

mina hajj saudi Makkah

Mina is a desert location approximately three miles from Makkah where several Hajj rites are performed. The Pilgrim goes to Mina on 8th of Dhu’l-Hijjah. He stays in Mina for one day from after dawn prayer (Fajr) on 8th of Dhu’l-Hijjah till after dawn prayer (Fajr) on 9th Dhu’l-Hijjah. He performs five prayers, starting with the noon (Zuhr) prayer and ending with dawn (Fajr) prayer on the day of Arafat. The pilgrim also collects some of the seventy small pebbles that are needed later for the “stoning” ceremony (ramy).

9th of Dhu’l-Hijjah (Going to Arafat from Mina)

hajj arafat

This is the Day of Arafat. The pilgrim stays in Arafat from after dawn until after sunset on 9th Dhu’l-Hijjah.


After performing the dawn (Fajr) prayer at Mina, the pilgrim leaves for Arafat on the morning of the 9th of Dhu’l-Hijjah. In Arafat, as much time as possible is devoted to prayers, repentance for sins, and in seeking the forgiveness of Allah.


From noon onwards, Wuquf should be performed at Arafat. This is the most holy of times when the pilgrim stands alone with Allah. Facing the Qibla in the Holy City of Makkah, hands should be raised and prayers offered to Allah with all one’s heart, even in one’s own language, for the forgiveness of sins.

When the sun has set, the pilgrim should leave Arafat for Muzdalifah.

Going to Muzdalifah from Arafat

(9th – 10th of Dhu’l-Hijjah:

The pilgrim stays in Muzdalifah from after sunset on 9th of Dhu’l-Hijjah until after the dawn prayer (Fajr) on 10th of Dhu’l-Hijjah.

The stay in Muzdalifah is under the open sky. The evening prayer (Maghrib) is offered followed by an overnight stay.

While at Muzdalifah, the pebbles needed for the “stoning” ceremony (ramy) should be gathered. Some pebbles may have been collected in Mina but one should ensure having enough by picking up as many as required from the foot of the hills at Muzdalifah. 70 pebbles in total are needed.

At dawn, after offering Fajr (the dawn prayer), before the sun has risen, the pilgrim sets off for Mina.

10th of Dhu’l-Hijjah (Proceeding to Mina from Muzdalifah)

The next stage is proceeding to Mina for the stoning (ramy) of Jamarat ul Kubra; the stoning is performed according to pre-determined schedules. The stoning is followed by the sacrifice and the shaving/cutting of hair (Halq/Taqseer).

After the stoning of the devil, a Sacrifice of an animal such as a lamb is required.

The pilgrim then leaves the state of Ihram, by shaving his head (or, if a woman, by clipping her hair). The prohibitions imposed by Ihram are now removed, except for sexual relations. (Husband and wife may not enjoy conjugal relations until after Tawaf al-Ifadha – the Circumambulation of the Kaaba, central to the Hajj rites.)

The next stage is proceeding to the al Masjid al Haram in Makkah to perform Tawaf al-Ifadha.

10th of Dhu’l-Hijjah (Tawaf al-Ifadha in the Holy City of Makkah)

The pilgrim returns to the Holy City of Makkah to perform Tawaf al-Ifadha on 10th of Dhu’l-Hijjah.

Tawaf al-Ifadha is an essential element of Hajj.

dua acceptance Allah

The pilgrim circumambulates the Kaaba seven times and then offers prayers (rakaat) behind Maqam Ibrahim; performs Sa’y between Safa and Marwah and drinks water from the Well of Zamzam. The Hajj Tawaf (Tawaf al-Ifadha) having been completed, the state of Ihram is completely ended and all restrictions are lifted including those relating to sexual relations with one’s spouse.

11th – 13th of Dhu’l-Hijjah (Returning to Mina from Makkah)

The pilgrim stays in Mina for up to three days for the stoning of the three pillars representing Satan (ramy of the three Jamarat).

The three pillars will be stoned in a set order, performing ramy al-uula, ramy al-wusta and ramy al- kubra. The pilgrim then may return to al Masjid al Haram to perform the Farewell Tawaf after ramy on 12th of Dhu’l-Hijjah, or he may stay till 13th of Dhu’l-Hijjah, performing ramy for the third time, before returning to al Masjid al Haram for the Farewell Tawaf.

The act of stoning the devil (shaytan) commemorates the three attempts the devil made to tempt the Prophet Ibrahim (alaihis salaam). The Prophet rejected all three of the devil’s attempts, stoning him and driving him away. The three stone pillars mark the places where the failed temptations took place and the act of stoning commemorates the Prophet Ibrahim’s constant obedience to Allah and the vanquishing of the devil.

Farewell Tawaf in the Holy City of Makkah

This, the Farewell Tawaf (Circumambulation), marks the end of one’s Hajj. Sa’y does not form part of the Farewell Tawaf.

Departing for home

The Hajj is now completed and the pilgrim can leave the Holy City of Makkah promptly for his next destination.

(Hajj al-Tamattu’ has an extra stage after performing the Welcome Tawaf and Sa’y i.e. the third step Ihram for Hajj al-Tamattu’ which is not included in Hajj al-Ifrad and Hajj al-Qiran.)

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