islamic mosqu in Medinah

Procedure of Salah

Procedure of Salah/Namaz

Note 1: Sisters must read our “Difference between Men’s and Women’s Salah” article to make adjustments in their Salah as there is some differences in Salah between Men and Women.

Note 2: When you are asked to ‘Say’ or ‘Recite’ or ‘Read’ in the directions. The sound must not be loud and at the same time not totally silent. It should be loud enough just for your ears to hear it and not so loud that a person next to you would be able to hear your recitation clearly. If a person next to you could hear only a mimic from you, that’s fine. If you are surrounded by noise such as a fan’s noise and you are not able to understand your recitation, it is okay. In an utmost quite room you should be able to understand your recitation. In any case must say it lound enough as mentioned above.

Note 3: The reason we will be asking you to ‘wait a little’ through out the directions is to separate the Arabic qirat so that the meaning will not change. It is very important.

1) Stand up facing Kabah. It is called Qayam. The space between feet should be about four to five fingers apart, do not stand wide spread like most people do these days. They should be pointing towards Kabah.

2) Say, “I pray two rakah (or as many required for that time) Fard (if its Fard or say Sunnat if its Sunnat or say Wajib if its Wajib or Say Nafil if its Nafil) for Allah Tala Face towards Kabah”. If praying behind Imam add “Behind this Imam”. It is called Niyat (Intention).

Note: It is Mustahab (a preferable deed) to say the Niyat. It is also permissible to make Niyat in your heart without saying it, that is good enough.

2) Raise both of your hands next to each ears. Touch the lobes of your each ear with thumbs.Then say “Allah Hoo Akbar”

3) Place the hands on navel right hand on top of left hand. Thumb and Pinky (smallest finger) should be wraped around the wrist of left hand’s wrist. It should be like you are locking or grabbing the left hand wrist. Rest of the three fingers of right hand should be strait in line to each other.

4) Now Read, “Subhana Kalla Humma Wa Bee Hamdika Wata Baara Kasmooka Wa Ta’ala Jaddoo Ka Wa La ilaha Ghairuka” Wait a little.

5) Then read, “Aaoo Zoo Billahee Minash Shaitaunir Rajeem” Wait a little.

6) Then read, “Bismillah Hir Rahmaanir Raheem” Wait a little.

7) Then read Soorah Fatiha, “Alhamdo Lillahi Rabbil Aalameen Ar Rahmaanir Raheem Maaliki Yaomid Deen iyya Kana Budoo Wa iyya kanastaeen ihdinas Siratual Mustaqeem Siratual Lazeena An Amtaa Alaihim Ghairil Maghdoobe Alaihim Walad Dualleen” Wait a little.

8) Then say, ” Ameen“. Wait a little.

9) Then read, “Bismillahir Rahamaanir Raheem“. Wait a little.

10) Then read any surrah from Quran or atleast three Ayats. We are writing you a small one. Read this Surrah, ” Wal A’sre Innal Insaana Lafi Khusr illal Lazeena Aamanoo Wa A’milos Sualihaati Wa Tawa Sao Bil Haqqi Wa Tawa Sao Bis Sabr “ Wait a little.

11) Then Say “Allah Hoo Akbar” and bow (its called Ruku), hold your knees with your hands. The fingers should be separated with gaps in them. The back should be horizontally strait in line like a board. (Salat images will be available on Oct 1st 2006, Insha Allah)

12) Recite, “Subhaana Rabbiyal Azeem” At least three times. Three, five and seven times are Sunnat (Sunnat means what Prophet Mohammad peace be upon him liked to do). Wait a little.

13) Then start to stand up saying, “Samee Allahoo Layman Hamidah – Rabbana Lakal Hamd” Start to say Samee when leaving Rookh (bowing poster) and end with Hameedah when you are fully errect. Wait a little.

14) Now say, “Allah Hoo Akbar

15) Now go to Sajdah (placing face on ground). In sajdah all the fingers of feet should be twisted so that the round soft part of the fingers is touching the ground. Hand fingers should be close to face and facing Kabah in strait line. Put enough pressure on nose so that the bone of nose should feel the hardness of earth (do not hurt your self but should be firm) Arms should be away from body like a bird opens the wings.

16) Now read, “Subhaana Rabbiyal Aala” at least three times. Three, five and seven times are Sunnat. Wait a little.

17) Now sit down on your left foot (It’s called Jalsa) the right foot should be sticking out and all of the foot fingers should be twisted. The soft part of the foot fingers should touch the ground. Sit for the amount of time you could say Subhan Allah at least three times.

18) Now go back to sajadah and perform as you did before Jalsa.

19) After completing second sajdah get up and go back to Qayam (standing up) Saying “Allah Hoo Akbar” Then read , “Bismillahir Rahamaanir Raheem” Wait a little

20) Now again read Soorah Fatiha, “Alhamdo Lillahi Rabbil Aalameen Ar Rahmaanir Raheem Maaliki Yaomid Deen iyya Kana Budo Wa iyyaka Nastaeen ihdinas Sirataul Mustaqeem Siratual Lazeena An Amtaa Alaihim Ghairil Maghdoobe Alaihim Walad Dualeen” Wait a little.

21) Then say, “Ameen” Wait a little.

22) Then read, “Bismillahir Rahamaanir Raheem” Wait a little.

23) Then read any surrah from Quran or at least three Ayahs. We are writing you another small one. Soorah Al kausar, “Innaa Aataina Kal Kauser Fasalli Li Rabbi Ka Vanhar Inna Shaaniaka Hooal Abtar“. Wait a little and repeat the steps from 11 to 18.

24) This time after second Sajdah do not go back to Qayam (standing up) but go back to Jalsa (sitting) but now it’s called Qaidah.

Now read, “Atthayyato Lillahe Wassalawato Wat Tayyebato Assalamu Alaika Ayyohan Nabiyo Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatoh Assalamu Alaina Wa Ala ibadillahis Sualaiheen Ashadu An La ilaah illal Laho Wa Ashadu Anna Mohammadan Abdohoo Wa Rasooluhoo

Note: When you reach at Ashadu An La raise your index finger of your right hand upward facing about 45 degrees by closing the fist, and drop it back and spread the hand to its original position at illal Laho.

Wait a little.

25) Now read this Durood Sharif, “Allah Humma Salle Ala Mohammadiyon Wa Ala Ale Mohammadin Kama Sallaita Aala ibraheema Wa Ala Aalay ibraheema inna Ka Hameedum Majeed. Allah Humma Baarik Aala Mohammadiyon Wa Ala Ale Mohammadin Kama Barakta Ala ibraheema Wa Ala Ale ibraheema inna Ka Hameedum Majeed.” Wait a little.

26) Now read this dua, “Allah Humma Rabbana Aatina Fid Dunya Hasanah Wa Fil Akhirate Hasanah Wa Qina Azaban Naar.” Wait a little.

27) Now turn your head towards right and say, “Assalamo Alaikum Wa Rehmatullah

Now turn your head towards left and read the same as above, “Assalamo Alaikum Wa Rehmatullah

Salah is complete now.

Note: Above mentioned procedure is for men. Women consult the Women’s Salah on our site but can still use the same Arabic text which can be heard in Audio on this page.

Amounts of rakats for each time are:

Fajr = First two rakat Sunnat Mokadda then two rakat Fard;

Zuhr =First four rakat Sunnat Mokadda then four rakat Fard then two rakat sunnat Mokadda; (two rakat nafils at the end are optional)

Asr =First four rakat sunnat ghair mokadda then Four rakat Fard; (four rakat Sunnate Ghair mokadda befor this is optional)

Maghrib = First three rakat Fard then two rakat Sunnat Mokadda; (Two nafils after sunnat are optional)

Isha = First Four rakat Fard then two rakat sunnat mokkada then three rakats Wajib; (four rakat sunnat e ghair mokadda before farz, two nafil before and two after Wajib are optional)

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nighbor in islam

Neighbour

nighbour

The neighbor is the person who lives near one, regardless of whether he is a Muslim or a non-Muslim. Scholars have different opinions regarding the boundaries to which one is considered a neighbor. The closest opinion to the truth is that they are determined according to what people are accustomed to regarding such a limit, and Allah Knows best. The degrees of neighbors vary: there is the Muslim neighbor who is a relative, the Muslim neighbor who is not, the disbeliever who is a relative, and a disbelieving neighbor who is not. All these types of neighbors share many rights while some of them are distinguished with additional rights according to their state and degree.

Some Forms of Neighborliness

Some people think that the neighbor is only the one who lives near your residence. Undoubtedly, this is one of the commonest forms; however, there are other forms that are included in the concept of neighborliness. There is the neighbor at work, in the market, on the farm, in the classroom, and many others.

Some Rights of the Neighbour

There is no doubt that the neighbor has many rights of which we will mention some, the most important of which, are:

1-    Returning his greetings and accepting his invitations: although this is a general right for all Muslims, it is even more important with regards to neighbors, as it has a good effect in spreading amiability and affection.

2-    Refraining from harming him: in fact, this is one of the greatest rights of neighbors. Harming anyone, in general, is unlawful; however, this ruling is intensified if the harm befalls the neighbor. The Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ), strictly warned, in various ways, about harming the neighbor. The Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ), said: “By Allah, he is not a believer! By Allah, he is not a believer! By Allah, he is not a believer.” It was asked, “Who, O Messenger of Allah?” He said: “One whose neighbor does not feel safe from his evil.”When it was said to him: “O Messenger of Allah, a woman performs voluntary prayers at night and fasts during the day, but she offends her neighbors with her tongue.” He  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) said: “There is no good in her; she is in Hell.” The Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ), also said: “He does not enter Paradise whose neighbor is not secure from his evil.”

A man came to the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ), complaining about the harm of his neighbor. The Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ), said to him: “Put your belongings in the road.” The man did so, and whenever people passed by him and asked him why he had done so, and came to know about how his neighbor was harming him, they cursed this neighbor. Then, the bad neighbor came to the Messenger of Allah,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ), complaining about the people cursing him. The Messenger of Allah,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ), said: “Allah has cursed you before the people did.”

3-    Bearing the harm of the neighbor, which is a trait of noble, chivalrous people and those of high aspiration. This is because many people can refrain from harming others, but bearing their harm with patience while seeking the reward of Allah is of a higher degree, as Allah The Almighty Says (what means):

{Repel, by [means of] what is best, [their] evil.}[Quran 23:96]

{And whoever is patient and forgives – indeed, that is of the matters [requiring] determination.} [Quran 42:43]

Al-Hasan  may  Allah  have  mercy  upon  him said: “Being a good neighbor is not by refraining from harming; rather, being a good neighbor is to bear harm.”

4-    Pursuing and accomplishing his needs: the Messenger,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ), said: “He who spends the night satiated while knowing that his next door neighbor is hungry does not truly believe in me.” The righteous predecessors would check upon their neighbors and make efforts to fulfill their needs. Sometimes a Companion of the Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ), would receive a gift and then send it to his neighbor, who would send it to another neighbor, who would send it to another neighbor, and it would circulate around more than ten houses until it finally reached the first one again. When ‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Umar, may Allah be pleased with him, slaughtered a sheep, he said to his servant, “When you skin it, begin [distributing it] by going to our Jewish neighbor.” ‘Aa’ishah, may Allah be pleased with her, asked the messenger of Allah,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ), “I have two neighbors, to which of them should I offer a gift?”He replied:“To the one whose door is nearer to you.”

5-    Concealing his secrets and guarding his honor: this is one of the most sacred of rights. Due to living in the same neighborhood, the neighbor may know some secret matters of his neighbor; he should accustom himself to concealing these secrets with the intention that if he does so Allah The Almighty would conceal his secrets in the worldly life and the Hereafter. However, if he reveals such matters, then, he is subjecting himself to be repaid with the same kind of treatment. Allah The Almighty Says (what means): {And your Lord is not ever unjust to [His] servants.}[Quran 41:46] In the pre-Islamic era, the Arabs would boast about guarding their neighbors’ honor. ‘Antarah said: “I lower my gaze if my [female] neighbor comes out until she returns into her dwelling.” There was a Muslim poet who said, “My [female]neighbor is not harmed if I am her neighbor and her house has no curtains, as I behave as if I am blind when she comes out until the shelter conceals her.”

Finally, we should be aware that happiness, unity and the spread of love among the members of a society cannot be accomplished without observing these rights and others which are brought by the Sharee’ah. The reality of many people proves that these rights are being neglected, to the extent that they may not know the name of their next door neighbor. Some people usurp the rights of their neighbors and may even betray their neighbors and trifle with their honor and the honor of their women. This is surely the gravest of the grave major sins. The Prophet,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ), was asked: “What is the greatest sin?” In his answer he mentioned: “To commit adultery with your neighbor’s wife.”

We supplicate to Allah The Almighty to help us and all Muslims to observe the rights of our neighbors.

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